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UNDERSTANDING SCOLIOSIS

Scoliosis is a spinal condition which occurs when there is a sideways curvature of the spinal cord. On a spinal x-ray a patient with scoliosis will have a ‘S’ or ‘C’ shaped spinal cord instead of a straight line. The severity of scoliosis depends on the severity of the curve. It differs from case to case based on the Cobb angle, which is the measurement in degrees of the curve’s magnitude. Scoliosis cases can be mild and moderate; however, some curves can progress with growth spurts during childhood and become severe cases.

While research suggests that scoliosis is more common in females than males, it is important for each individual to get diagnosed if they have scoliosis and receive the appropriate medical care and advice.

SYMPTOMS & SIGNS OF SCOLIOSIS

  1. Shoulder level asymmetry
  2. Protruding shoulder blade surface of the back is uneven
  3. Tilted body appearance favoring one side more than the other
  4. Asymmetrical ribs
  5. Asymmetrical back appearance.
  6. Flank asymmetry
  7. Uneven hips
  8. Uneven length of legs one leg appears longer than the other
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TYPES

Idiopathic scoliosis
No particular cause or reason for the spinal curvature

Congenital scoliosis
When the child is born with a curved spine due to bony abnormalities

Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Occurs due to underlying neurological conditions

Secondary scoliosis
Might occur due to some other external cause or factor

DIAGNOSIS

Scoliosis is a very common condition; however, it can go easily undetected. If the curve continues to grow it can become worse leading to complications affecting other body parts. Severe cases can often result in reduced lung functioning, degenerative arthritis, drastic changes in physical appearance and extreme pain. Early detection through screening and diagnosis can help prevent scoliosis curves from worsening, ensuring the patient receives the right medical treatment and advice – on time.

IMPACT

The severity of scoliosis can differ from case to case, based on the Cobb angle of the curve, which is the measurement in degrees of the curve’s magnitude. While most scoliosis curves are mild and can be controlled, some curves can progress with growth spurts. Additionally, while scoliosis is known to occur more commonly in females than males, it is essential for both males and females to get their curve diagnosed and receive the appropriate medical advice.